Before they decide on the terms of your loan, lenders need to discover two things about you: whether you can repay the loan, and if you are willing to pay it back. To assess your ability to repay, they look at your income and debt ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are called FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). For details on FICO, read more here.
Credit scores only consider the info contained in your credit reports. They don't take into account income, savings, down payment amount, or personal factors like sex ethnicity, nationality or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. Credit scoring was developed to assess willingness to repay the loan while specifically excluding any other personal factors.
Your current debt level, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score considers both positive and negative information in your credit report. Late payments count against your score, but a consistent record of paying on time will improve it.
For the agencies to calculate a credit score, you must have an active credit account with a payment history of six months. This history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to assign an accurate score. Some borrowers don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They should build up credit history before they apply for a loan.
Capacity Lending, LLC can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Give us a call at 469-640-0400.