Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history to build this score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers probably find their scores between 620 and 800.
Your FICO score greatly affects your interest rate
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
How can you raise your FICO score? Since the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
In order to raise your score, you must get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: 469-640-0400.