FICO - Your Credit Score
Because our society is so computer-driven, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to compile this score.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in building your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your credit score affects your monthly payment
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make certain that the reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: 469-640-0400.