You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers will likely find their credit scores above 620.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your FICO score, you've got to obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: 469-640-0400.